There has been horse racing of sorts for lots of many years. Horse racing started in Assyria in c. 1500 B.C. and Chariot Racing was a popular event in Roman Times. It was in reality the Romans who are believed to have ran the very first horse race in the UK, nevertheless the very first real taped occasion of a meeting remained in 1174, this happened at a horse fair in the north-west part of London called Smithfield.
The Royal Family are behind a number of the historic developments that altered and formed racing for many years, with Henry II importing horses particularly for reproducing and Charles II being the first to present a set of rules in 1664 (for the Newmarket Town Plate). It was in 1752 the Jockey Club formed and penned The Rules of Racing.
First horse races
The Derby is the earliest flat race having actually begun in 1780 at the Earl of Derby's estate in Epsom, it was operated on a sweepstakes basis and is still naturally being run every year now, as is the Grand National which was first run in 1856, however the first documented national hunt (as we understand it now) race was in Cork, Ireland in 1752, it was a 4 miles 5 furlongs contest between 2 church steeples and that is the reason the term 'steeplechase' was created.
Function and types of horse racing
The purpose of a H.race is to figure out the fastest of 2 or more horses over a specific range with the first horse to cross the winning line being the winner.
Horse Racing Categories - Flat
In the UK and Ireland there are 3 variations of race categories. The very first is Flat Racing, where horses run over a range between 5 furlongs and 2 miles 6 furlongs on grass. The flat season starts in March and runs check here through to November with differing quality of races with Group 1 contests being the highest. The youngest horses completing on the flat are 2 years old.
Horse Racing Classifications - All Weather
All Weather condition Racing is the second race classification and resembles flat racing other than contests occur on a synthetic surface, which can be utilized throughout the year (thus the name All Weather condition). Many of the All Weather condition H.racing tracks likewise have floodlit tracks indicating they can use night racing.
Horse Racing Categories - National Hunt
The 3rd classification is National Hunt where horses compete on turf over longer ranges ranging from 1 mile 6 furlongs (extremely minimal variety of junior bumper races) and 4 miles 4 furlongs. Within National Hunt there are even more category types, these are Bumpers (also known as National Hunt Flat races) where there are no challenges and are targeted at offering horses the experience of contending on a race track, Goes after where the rivals must clear fences and Hurdles where they should jump hurdles. This indicates for example that you can have a handicap chase or a maiden hurdle etc. The distinction between a fence and an obstacle is rather significant with a fence being tougher and higher. An obstacle race will just include obstacles whereas a chase can contain a variety of barriers consisting of water jumps and ditches as well as fences.
Horse Racing Classification
Within each classification of racing there are various kinds of contests based on a horse's experience and ability. Typically races are categorised by an age group (for instance 4 year olds+) and/or a main score bracket (a score provided to each horse by the handicapper based upon its efficiency to this day). Maiden races are for horses who have not yet won a race. Handicaps are when a horse is weighted based on its previous capability - in a perfect world, a handicap needs to lead to all horses crossing the finish line at the same time. Nursery races are handicap races on the flat/all weather condition for two years of age horses. Non handicaps are when all horses carry the very same weight (although this figure can be adjusted based upon charges used as set out in the race terms - for example the guidelines may specify that all horses will bring 9 stone however that an additional weight of 3 pounds will be applied to horses who have actually won in the last 6 weeks).